The Norway, Common, Sewer or Brown Rat – rattus norvegicus

Brown Rat

Adult size (approx.): 42cm 500g

Habitat

The burrows of the Norway Rat externally are quite easily recognisable. They can be found on sloping grounds of banks and rivers or beneath some form of cover such as drains, tree roots or pavements. They normally have mounds of dirt at the entrance were they have burrowed from the outside but in some cases they have burrowed from the inside out so the dirt will be internally. The Norway Rat can also be found inside in loft spaces and cavity walls, normally indicated by droppings and tunnels through insulation. They require free access to water and feed on a wide range of food sources. Entry to a building can be via an opened toilet, sewage or drainage pipes and even doorways.

Biology

Biology Diagram - Life Cycle

Importance

The Norway Rat, has been known to carry disease organisms such as Weil's disease or Leptospirosis. It is important that any contact with Rats such as worktops, cupboards, floors etc to be cleaned thoroughly with disinfectant and all droppings cleared.

Control

Sourcing where the rat or rats are entering is essential. The use of tracking dusts can be used for this. Rat proofing of all entry points are vital e.g. rat holes in cavity walls and drain covers etc. Baiting for rats or trapping rats can also take place with the use of single or multi catch rat traps or rat snapper traps. Baiting can be undertaken if the rats are found to be outside with the use of rat bait boxes. Decisions can be made after thorough surveys on the best action to take.  We are able to provide free quotations & surveys for all businesses and domestic customers.


 

The Ship Rat or Black Rat - rattus rattus


Ship Rat

Adult size (approx.): 40cm 225g

Habitat

The Ship Rat is a medium sized Rat that is comfortable on or off of the ground. They can be found in trees and buildings where their ability to climb allows them to escape human disturbance and also predators. They tend to use natural objects for harbourage rather than burrow such as rocks or walls. Although called the Black Rat, they have been found to be brown or grey-reddish in colour. The Ship Rat prefers a free water source but can survive if they have access to very high water content foods such as fruits.

Biology

Biology Diagram - Life Cycle

Importance

The Ship Rat has been known to carry disease organisms such as Weil's disease or Leptospirosis. It is important that any contact with rats such as worktops, cupboards, floors etc to be cleaned thoroughly with disinfectant and all droppings cleared.

Control

Sourcing where the rat or rats are entering is essential. The use of tracking dusts can be used for this. Rat proofing of all entry points are vital e.g. rat holes in cavity walls and drain covers etc. Baiting for rats or trapping rats can also take place with the use of single or multi catch rat traps or rat snapper traps. Baiting can be undertaken if the rats are found to be outside with the use of rat bait boxes. Decisions can be made after thorough surveys on the best action to take.  We are able to provide free quotations & surveys for all businesses and domestic customers.

Areas Covered for Rat Control

Rat Eradication, Removal, Proofing & Control Essex, London & Kent

 


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    Sandon
    Essex,CM2 7SG.

     

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